Cumin (Cuminum Cyminum ) is a small annual herb originally found in Mediterranean area. The leaves of plant are narrow and deep green in color. It is about 20 inches in height and the tiny flowers are pink or white in color. The seeds are small and oblong.
The plant is known to the world since Biblical times and is used for its digestive properties. Cumin is used as a medium of paying taxes by the Pharisees. Feudal lords paid serfs with cumin, in the Middle Ages. The oil is used as a cure for headache by the Egyptians. Cumin serves as an important ingredient in various Mexican dishes and Indian curries.
Chemical Composition : Cuminic, cymene, dipentene, limonene, phellandrene and pinene are the main chemical components of cumin oil. Further, the oil also contains 32 fatty acids (99.9%) that are identified in the fixed oil. The major fatty acids that present in the oil are linoleic acid (50.2%), oleic acid (19.9%), margaric acid (10.3%), cis-11,14-eicosadienoic acid (7.7%) and stearic acid (2.5%).
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